CLAN GORDON : SCOTTISH CLANS – room 201
The Gordon Clan originates from Berwickshire.
Motto : Remaining
…..The name Gordon is territorial and the family who took the name are believed to have been of Anglo-Norman descent, moving from the Borders to Aberdeenshire. The wild boar’s head appears on the Gordon arms because, legend says, the first Gordon saved a Scottish king from an attacking boar.
……The monks of St Mary at Kelso were given their land by Richard, Baron of Gordon in 1150 and 1160, the earliest recording of the name in use.
…..Sir Adam of Gordon was a supporter of Robert the Bruce and traveled to Rome to ask the Pope to reverse Bruce’s excommunication, served after Bruce killed Comyn in a church.
…..The king gave the Earl of Atholl’s confiscated lands of Strathbogie to Gordon. The castle there became known as Huntly, a reminder of the Gordons’ Berwickshire lands. Sir Alexander Gordon was created Earl of Huntly in 1449.
…..The Gordons stood on the king’s side, and with their men involved in the south of the country, the Earl of Moray, a relation and ally of the Douglases, took the opportunity to sack the Gordon lands, setting Huntly Castle ablaze. The Gordons returned and quickly destroyed their enemies.
…..As the Douglases were removed from all their positions of power, the Gordons grew without challenge.During the Reformation, Gordon power was such that they could disregard it and choose to remain Catholic. Nonetheless, they fought with the men of Mary, Queen of Scots, resulting in Huntly dying in battle and his son being beheaded before her.
…..By the time of Montrose they had become supportive of the Scottish crown. The followers of the 2nd Marquess of Huntly were known as the Gordon Horse, and it is believed that had Huntly’s self-importance not impeded co-operation with the great Montrose, the war for Scottish independence may have had a different ending.
…..The Dukedom became extinct with its line after the 5th Duke, and the present Marquess descends from the Earl of Aboyne, whilst a new Duke of Gordon was created of the Duke of Richmond in 1876.
The Mother of Poet Lord Byron was a Gordon.
…..Septs of Gordon include: Adams, Aitchison, Aitken, Barrie, Cullen, Duff, Gardner, Garrick, Laurie, Mills , Muir, and Todd.